Samotsvety (Color Stones), a salon-museum, was opened in Moscow
due to the initiative of Anatoly I. Kuvarzin, who
his 80th birthday on April 2003. The museum have been built
in fiveyears (1973–1978). It’s funds included unique mineral samples and
pieces of art. The salon-museum became a head national organization for
export of these items; the prospecting and mining expedition,
Exportsamotsvety [Color Stones for Export] was formed in 1973.
Anatoly Kuvarzin headed this expedition during 1973–1984. Thirty-five
countries imported from Russia. Germany, Italy, Hong Kong, Japan, USA,
and Poland were among the major partners. In early 80’s the export
structure was as follows: 46% raw materials, 42% semi-products, 10%
manufactured articles, and 2% specimens for collecting. Later on the
proportion of the mineral specimens grew up to 14%.
As wrote by
Razvedka Nedr [Prospecting] journal):
Thus, a specialized
permanent exhibition of the 6th All-Union Productive Alliance
of the Ministry of Geology of the USSR was first transformed into the
Color Stones Salon (Exportsamotsvety Foreign Trade Company), and in 1994
it was re-organized to become the Samotsvety [Color Stones] Museum
at 29/1 Narodnogo Opolcheniya ul., Moscow.
Chernavtsev’s article about this museum see in World of Stones
magazine, 1994, issue 4, pp. 58-60
April 3 – Lev Andreevich Suzdaltsev was born. He graduated from
the is a mineralogist and collector, living in Chelyabinsk. He graduated
from the St.-Petersburg University. During recent 20 years, he gifted
several outstanding specimens to the university and other museums. These
are epidote and perovskite from the Zelentsovskaya Mine in the South
Urals, record pyrochlore crystals from the Tartar massif in Siberia.
April 4, 1765,
Mikhail Vassil’evich Lomonosov died (born 1711), an encyclopedist of a
scholar and a poet. His first scientific work was compilation of the
Kunstkamera mineralogical collection catalog, the collection that gave
rise to the Fersman Mineralogical Museum of RAS. Mineral lomonosovite is
named in his honor.
April 8, 1765,
Vassily Mikhailovich Severgin, a prominent chemist and mineralogist, was
born in St. Petersburg (died 1826). He was a member of the St.
Petersburg Academy of Sciences, an author of the first compilation on
the minerals of Russia (1809), and one of the founders of the St.
Petersburg Mineralogical Society (1817).
April 8 – Victor Ponomarenko was born. He graduathed from the
Moscow State Mining Academy. He is a geologist, collector, and
connoisseur of mineralogy of Dalnegorsk and Zhezkazghan. Last year he
worked on the abandoned pegmatites of Akzhailyau in eastern Kazakhstan
where he collected outstanding crystals of pink apatite with alexandrite
April 10, 1927 – Alexander Alexandrovich Godovikov (see above) was
born. He is a famous Russian mineralogist. Mineral godovikovite is named
in his honor.
April 13, 1923 – Anatoly Ivanovich Kuvarzin was born. He is a
geologist and a connoisseur of gemstones who worked for many years on
the deposits of peuso-optic raw materials and gemstones for the
Eksportsamotsvety Expedition. In the 1970s, he was a director of the
“Colored Stones” shop in Moscow. He is one of the enthusiastic
supporters of the Geopark Project. Together with Godovikov, he worked in
the Vernadsky State Geological Museum after its opening in 1988.
April 17, 1834 – Nils Gustaf Nordenskiold discovered alexandrite on
the birth day of the future Emperor Alexander II. This jewelry variety
of chrysoberyl originated from Izumrudnye Mines in the Middle Urals.
April 19, 1957 – Vladimir Krikov was born. This geologist and
collector graduated from the Moscow State Mining Academy. He worked on
the famous deposits of Kazakhstan (Altyn-Tyube, Kara-Oba, Akchatau). The
main subject of his outstanding collection is micro-inclusions in
quartz. These specimens attracted special attention in the Friends of
Mineralogy Club in January-March 2003.
2003, the Chukhrov memorial scientific readings were held in IGEM RAS
where Dr. N.S. Bortnikov reported on mineralogy and geochemistry of the
ocean floor ores
April 24, 1902,
Georgy Alexeevich Krutov, a mineralogist and a geologist, was born (died
1989). He was a Professor of the Mineralogy Chair, Moscow University,
and specialized in studies of cobalt deposits. Mineral krutovite was
named in his honor.