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Adding Hebrew and Arabic support into Windows'9x and MSIE 4.
Hebrew and arabic input in MSIE 5 and Office 2K

Last update: 18-sep-2002. Konstantin Kazarnovsky Forum/Guestbook


This page became at last not quite obsolete, but almost has lost the significance! MSIE 5.01 and later versions contains support of input for "complex scripts", i.e. Hebrew, Arabic, Thai and Vietnamese languages. The below-mentioned recommendations and files will help only for adding in Windows '9x the hebrew keyboard with nekudot (vowels) (kbdhe_n.kbd), install full bidirectional support for WordPad'98, and to look into some details of multilanguage support in Windows.

At the same time the possibility of management of the codings through the Registry (appeared in MSIE 4) has disappeared in MSIE 5, now for the same purpose binary editing of MLANG.DLL is needed. In particular, for including in the list of the encodings Outlook Express 5 "Hebrew (ISO-Visual)" (by many desirable) it is necessary in the file MLANG.DLL to find a byte sequence (in version 5.00.2919.6304 from MSIE 5.01 this sequence is at address 0x1EBA0):

B66F 0000 0000 0000 **** **** 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 0000 1712 0000 E704 0000 0E06 0030

and to replace there (with binary editor) 2 bytes to reach the following sequence:

B66F 0000 0000 0000 **** **** 0000 0000 0000
0000 0000 0000 1712 0000 E704 0000 0F07 0030

  1. Files CP_1255.NLS, CP_1256.NLS, KBDHE.KBD (hebrew keyboard layout from Microsoft), KBDHE_N.KBD (hebrew keyboard layout from Thierry Frenkel with nekudot at ctrl-alt-1 ... ctrl-alt-=) and KBDA*.KBD (arabic keyboard layouts from Microsoft) should be placed in Windows\System directory.
    You can download Download with these files and with files HEBREW.REG and ARABIC.REG for Registry additions.

  2. Unicode fonts with hebrew and arabic characters:

    You can add also entries in WIN.INI in section [FontSubstitutes] (for some non-Unicode programs, f.e. Character Map) like so:
    Tahoma (Hebrew),177=Tahoma,177
    Tahoma (Arabic),178=Tahoma,178

  3. Adding NLS in Registry - values 1255 and 1256 should be changed:

  4. For appearance encoding in Outlook Express 4 value level should be changed to 03,03,00,00:
    "Description"="Hebrew (Windows)"

    "Description"="Arabic (Windows)"

  5. Adding locales (values should be changed):
    "00000401"="Arabic (Saudi Arabien)"

  6. Adding hebrew keyboard layout into Registry:
    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\control\keyboard layouts\0000040D]
    "layout file"="kbdhe.kbd"
    "layout text"="Hebrew"

    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\control\keyboard layouts\0000080D]
    "layout file"="kbdhe_n.kbd"
    "layout text"="Hebrew with nekudot"

  7. Adding hebrew keyboard via Control Panel:
    Open Control Panel and Keyboard item;
    Language - Add - Hebrew;
    Verify that Layout is Hebrew (all available layouts are listed in Properties).
    It is possible to select other layout Hebrew with nekudot, which permits to enter letters with vowels (nekudot) as follows:

    Ctrl-Alt/1 אְ   Ctrl-Alt/7 אֶ
    Ctrl-Alt/2 אֱ   Ctrl-Alt/8 אַ
    Ctrl-Alt/3 אֲ   Ctrl-Alt/9 אָ
    Ctrl-Alt/4 אֳ   Ctrl-Alt/0 וֹ
    Ctrl-Alt/5 אִ   Ctrl-Alt/- אֻ
    Ctrl-Alt/6 אֵ   Ctrl-Alt/= וּ

  8. Bidirectionality and complex scripts support in WordPad'98.
    The main edit window in WordPad, named Rich Edit Control, in the version 3 (Riched20.dll) has full support of a bidirectionality and other complex scripts features, allowing, in particular, to enter the text in Hebrew and Arabic (with automatic change of a kind of the Arabic letter depending on the position in a word), and also to save it in Word 6.0, RTF and Unicode text formats. Wordpad allows to input, in particular, unicode pseudographic characters, but does not save it in any formats, except Unicode text. One more interesting possibility: small Input Metod Editor, allowing input through Unicode. It is realized by two combinations of hotkeys: Alt-Shift-X will recode a character before cursor in the Unicode hexadecimal digits; Alt-X will recode a sequence of digits before a cursor in the character.

    For activation of these properties it is necessary to install the 3rd version Riched20.dll (if it was not installed earlier). Archive Download is contained a set of files for Windows'98, extracted from hotfix Q249973 and may be installed with the inf-file 1200up.inf.
    The similar archive Download is created for restoring of the version 2, though it is possible to substitute Riched20.dll by a direct rewriting in the Windows\System directory, if not any program using it.

    The described feature exists only in WordPad from Windows'98. Older WordPad versions from Windows'95 - even launched under Windows'98 - use Rich Edit ver.1 ( Riched32.dll ), in which Hebreww and Arabic characters may be entered, but thers isn't any support of the didirectionality.
    It is possible to try to copy appropriate files into the Windows'95 (the mentioned updating exists also for Windows'95, differing only by inf-files), including new WordPad, but I haven't never realized such experiments and don't know about the possible result.

  9. Support for bidirectional features and complex scripts in Office 2000.
    Office 2000, and mainly Word 2000, seems may completely support for bidirectional features and complex scripts, even under paneuropean Windows'98 (that contradicts the statements that so called enabled-versions or Windows 2000 are necessary for this purpose). I do not know, what is necessary minimum, but the following is sufficient:
    After that in section Tools - Options will appear the tab Right-to-Left, and on a formatting toolbar - switches for paragraph direction (from left to right and from right to left).
    Generally, it is possible to find the following buttons for toolbars (from the list of All commands), that have the relation to languages and bidirectional features:
    With this all Word 2000 has the same (and more) features for complex scripts, as Wordpad'98, but it has also some questions and misfeatures, with which I have met for Hebrew/Yiddish. In addition to that thing, that the text with the mixed directions of input is itself not easy for perception.

That's all. Hebrew and Arabic should be appear in Fonts menu in MSIE 4 browser and in Outlook Express 4. At now you can also switch keyboard and write Hebrew in Outlook Express (maybe in WWW-forms ?), in WordPad and in Word'97. But not in Word 7 (Word'95). But left to right only, not right to left. I don't know how to add bidirectionality, it's seems me as impossible.

MSIE 5 can support semitic languages itself (has appropriate language packs) but without input. And MSIE 5.01 even supports input on them, that, as is written in the beginning, almost deprives this page of a sense. After adding of the Hebrew keyboard (that or different way) occurs a possibility to write on Hebrew in Outlook Express 5, FrontPage Express and (in Windows'98 with new Riched20.dll) in WordPad, even right to left and with correct disposition of nekudot (vowels) (in Word'97 as before only left to right and nekudot place as usual characters).


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